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Blood Tests Meaning for Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease can be detected using blood tests. Here are number of blood tests done in teh labs to check your liver, kidney functions. The name of the blood test, reference links and a small description is given. Know more about what kind of blood tests are there for chronic kidney disease and other diseases and the details behind each.

Doctors mainly ask to do a renal panel which consists of Urea, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, albumin, calcium, phosphorous, sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate and blood sugar.

BUN Blood Test

The blood urea nitrogen test measures how much of amount of urea nitrogen you have in your blood.

Blood Tests and Meaning for Chronic Kidney Disease

Serum Creatinine

Serum creatinine is the measure of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscles from the breakdown of a compound called creatine. Normal range for creatinine in the blood may be 0.84 to 1.21 milligrams per deciliter.  If the kidney is not functioning well, there might be an increase in the level of creatinine in blood since kidney filters blood from waste products in the body.

Serum cystatin C

Serum cystatin C is a protein which is filtered out of the blood by the glomeruli in the kidney. Hig level of cystatin C means some kidney damage. It is used to evaluate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) rate of the kidney. Normal serum cystatin C values range from 0.6 to 1 mg/l.

GFR Test

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a test to estimate how much blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. In adults, the normal GFR number is 90 or higher. Higher Water ingestion can acutely affect GFR value to rise but does not generally provide correct value.

Total Cholestrol

Total cholesterol is the total amount of cholesterol in your blood that includes low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or “good”) cholesterol. Total cholesterol levels less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) are considered desirable for adults. LDL cholesterol levels should be less than 100 mg/dL.

Serum AST (SGOT)

The aspartate aminotransferase (AST)  also also called SGOT (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase) is an enzyme made by the live and is used to check whether there is damage to the liver. High AST level is a marker for liver damage. Normal range would be 0.0 - 40.0 International Units Per Litre (IU/L).
The Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) also also called SGPT (serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase) is an enzyme made by the live and is used to check whether there is damage to the liver. High ALT level is a marker for liver damage. Normal range would be 0.0 - 41.0 International Units Per Litre (IU/L).

WBC Blood Test

White blood cells (WBCs) also called leukocytes fight against viruses and bacterias. These are the cells of immune system which keeps us healthy. Normal range is 4.0 - 10.0 cubic milliliter (K/uL).

Blood Tests done for Chronic Kidney Disease

NEU Blood Test

Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell that makes 55-70 percent of total WBC. If you have chemotherapy and steroids, the nutrophil count will be very low and it is called neutropenia (low white blood cells). Sometimes the person might have to get Filgrastim injection to get more neutrophils. Normal Range would be 60.0 - 80.0 (%).

LYM Blood Test

Lymphocytes are another type of WBC which fights against infections. LYM count means how many lymphocytes are in a person's blood. If LYM count is low, its called Lymphocytopenia, also referred to as lymphopenia. Normal range is 20.0 - 40.0 (%).

EOS Blood Test

Eosinophils are another type of WBC which fights against allergies and infections. If you have higher number of EOS in the blood, its Eosinophilia. Many people with allergies have a high number of EOS. Normal range is 1.0 - 8.0 (%).

MONO Blood Test

The mononucleosis test is used to detect proteins in the blood called heterophile antibodies in response to an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Norma range would be 2.0 - 10.0 (%).

BASO Blood Test

Basophils are granulocytes (type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes) which is another type of WBC which fights against allergies and infections. If you have lower number of BASO in the blood, its basopenia. Normal range is 0.0 - 2.0 (%).

RBC Blood Test

Red Blood Cells has Hemoglobin inside which allow these cells to carry fresh oxygen throughout the body. Low RBC count is called anemia. Normal range is 4.5 - 5.5 millimeter (m/uL) of blood.

HGB Blood Test

The hemoglobin (Hgb) test measures counts the number of hemoglobin your red blood cells has inside. Normal range is 13.0-17.0 (g/dl).

HCT Blood Test

A hematocrit test measures the proportion  or how much of your blood is made up of red blood cells. Normal Range is 40.0 - 50.0 (%).

MCV Blood Test

Mean corpuscular volume measures the average size of your red blood cells. Normal range would be 88.0 - 101.0 femtoliters (fL).

MCH Blood Test

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin measures the average amount of hemoglobin found in the red blood cells in the body. Normal range would be 27.0 - 32.0 Picograms (pg).

MCHC Blood Test

The mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) to identify the amount of hemoglobin in a single red blood cell. Normal range would be 18.0 - 48.0 (g/dl).

Blood Tests Meaning for Chronic Kidney Disease

RDW Blood test

Red blood cell distribution width measures of the range of variation of red blood cell (RBC) volume. Normal range would be 11.6 - 14.8 (%).

PLT Count Blood Test

Platelets help to form blood clots. Having high number of platelets is called thrombocytosis and having low number is called  thrombocytopenia. Normal range would be 150.0 - 400.0 cubic milliliter (K/uL) of blood.

MPV Blood Test

Mean platelet volume (MPV) test measures the average size of your platelets. Normal range would be 6.8 - 10.0 femtoliters (fL).

Urine PCR

The spot urine protein/creatinine ratio (PCR) is used to measure the protenuria in urine. It essentially measure albumin in urine at the current time of the day.

24-hour urine

24 hour urine collection is done to measure the exact amount of protein spilled through urine of a person. The urine is collected for a whole day in a special container. The person should start collecting the urine from morning to the next day morning. You are not supposed to do any extra activities during the day such as heavy exercise, alcohol consumption etc.

Other tests are renal panel, CBC no differential, Urinalysis eith Micro & and Culture, Protein/Creatinine r as to urine, Vitamin D -25 Hydroxy Parathyroid Hormone Intaxt without Calcium. Uric Acid, Potassium Urine Random, Sodium urine random, Chloride urine random, Urea Nitrogen urine, creatinine urine random, Eosinophils urine, micro albumin urine, complement c3 c4, ferritin, iron and TIBC, hep B core AB IgM, Hep B surface AB, Hep B surface antigen, Hep C antibody with reflex, HIV antigen/antibody screen, IFE Serum w/IgG,A,M, ANTI-dsDNA, Calcium/creatinine ratio urine, rheumatoid factor, Anti Phospholipif panal, ADAMTS13 Activity, Sedimentation rate westergren.